What Are The 3 Main Types Of Ostomy?

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When you can no longer pass out urine and feces from your body, you’ll need to undergo a surgery called an ostomy. After the ostomy, you’ll need some supplies that aid your healing process.

If you have a challenge with your ostomy supplies, consider clicking everyday wear ostomy belt by Stealth Belt. In this article, you’ll get to know about ostomy and its types. Have a good read.

What Is Ostomy?

The inability of an individual to excrete body waste from vital organs due to the failure of specific systems is an ailment. The best way a doctor can help is by conducting surgery.

Now, an ostomy is a surgical procedure that creates an opening in your abdominal wall, this is to enable the passage of urine and feces artificially.

An ostomy can be due to the impact of cancer on the digestive or excretory organs of the body, hence, its failure to perform properly. Have in mind that ostomy can be permanent or temporary.

The 3 Main Types of Ostomy

The types of ostomy are based on the mode through which body waste (feces and sometimes urine) is eliminated from the abdomen. The three main types of ostomy are; colostomy, ileostomy, and urostomy.

1. Colostomy

This procedure entails a surgically created pathway done into the large intestine through the abdomen.

A colostomy is done when the large intestine is damaged or diseased, therefore, fecal waste, gas, odor, and sometimes urine can pass out through the stoma.

Where the stoma is done depends on the level of damage done to the colon and other medical reasons. Just like an ostomy, the colostomy can be permanent or temporary.

2. Ileostomy

This form of ostomy requires that a passage is created through the small intestine through the abdomen. This surgery is done at the lower right hand of the abdomen.

In an ileostomy, the small intestine is bypassed and the output of the surgery allows for steady liquid before stool becomes thicker and paste-like.

Note that after an ileostomy, it is important to protect the stoma from the destructive features of digestive enzymes.

3. Urostomy

Unlike colostomy and ileostomy, urostomy allows for the passage of urine from the body through the stoma. This happens when the bladder has been bypassed or removed. In some cases, there is a release of mucus attached to the urine.

When a urostomy is conducted, the ileum (from the small intestine) is sometimes cut off and used as a pipe to transport urine out of the body. This form of urostomy is called an ileal conduit.

What Is  A Stoma?

When surgery is to be conducted, there will be a need to make a hole for the passage of body waste. This opening is called a stoma which is pulled from the small or large intestine and attached to the opening of your abdomen.

Have in mind that ostomy and stoma are related but not the same. An ostomy can be permanent when excretory organs are damaged. If those organs are intact, ostomy can be temporary; when the healing process is complete, you can pass out waste naturally.

If you’re having issues with the excretion of waste, do well to consult your doctor before things get complicated and with that, you can avoid having a damaged organ.